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Obituary: Velupillai Prabhakaran

Posted in Uncategorized by malaysiasms on May 18, 2009

BBC NEWS

Tamil Tiger leader Velupillai Prabhakaran is dead, the Sri Lankan military says. State television made the announcement shortly after the military said it had surrounded him in the north-east.

 

Velupillai Prabhakaran

Prabhakaran was a secretive figure who was rarely seen in public

To his followers, Vellupillai Prabhakaran was a freedom fighter struggling for Tamil emancipation.

To his adversaries he was a secretive megalomaniac with a complete disregard for human life.

Under his leadership, the Tamil Tigers became one of the world’s most highly-disciplined and highly-motivated guerrilla forces.

But in recent months they fought a desperate rearguard action as the Sri Lankan military inflicted defeat after defeat on them, ending their dream of a separate homeland in the north and east.

The youngest of four children, Vellupillai Prabhakaran was born on 26 Nov 1954, in the northern coastal town of Velvettithurai on the Jaffna peninsula.

Described as a shy and bookish student, he became involved in the Tamil protest movement after being angered by what he saw as discrimination against Tamils by Sri Lanka’s majority Sinhalese population.

He claimed he was influenced by the lives of two Indian leaders, Subhash Chandra Bose and Bhagat Singh, both of whom were involved in the armed struggle for independence from Britain.

Cult of martyrdom

In one of his rare interviews he also said that he was fascinated by the lives of Alexander the Great and Napoleon and had studied many books on the two commanders.

It is believed that Prabhakaran founded the Tamil New Tigers in 1973 or 1974, although the exact date is unknown.

It was just another in a series of pressure groups and organisations protesting against what they saw as the marginalisation of the Tamil people in the post-colonial Sri Lanka.

In 1975 he was accused of the murder of the mayor of Jaffna, who was shot at point blank range while he was about to enter a Hindu temple.

Velupillai Prabhakaran, pictured in his family album (Photo released by Sri Lankan government)

Prabhakaran dedicated his life to his dream of a Tamil homeland

The killing was said to be in response to an incident in Jaffna the previous year when a police attack on a crowd led to the deaths of about seven people.

A year later Prabhakaran’s group was renamed the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), commonly known as the Tamil Tigers.

The Tigers became a formidable force numbering upwards of 10,000 soldiers, including women and children.

They were also well-equipped with weaponry funded by Tamil expatriates and, according to some reports, by sympathisers in India.

Always outnumbered by the Sri Lankan army, Prabhakaran led his forces in a series of guerrilla actions against a range of targets.

He encouraged a cult of martyrdom among his followers which led to the first use of suicide bombings as a common form of attack, often against civilian targets.

Central Bank bombing

He was also reputed to carry a cyanide capsule around his neck to be swallowed in case of capture, a practice soon emulated by many of his soldiers.

In 1991 he was accused of involvement in the assassination of former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, who was killed in a suicide bomb attack near Madras (Chennai).

It was alleged Prabhakaran had personally ordered the attack in revenge for Ghandi’s posting of Indian peacekeeping troops to Sri Lanka in the mid-1980s.

 

Prabhakaran

Under Prabhakaran’s leadership the Tigers were branded a terrorist group

An Indian court signed a death warrant in his name and Interpol issued a wanted notice on the grounds of terrorism, murder and organised crime.

Under his leadership the LTTE was branded a terrorist organisation by many countries and he was wanted by Interpol, the global police network for murder, terrorism, organised crime and conspiracy.

He was a shadowy figure, constantly under threat of arrest or assassination.

At one of Prabhakaran’s very rare press conferences, in 2002, he refused to answer any questions about Ghandi’s murder, referring to it as a “tragic accident”.

Instead he repeated his demand for self-determination for Tamils and said he was prepared to die in the fight to achieve it.

Secretive figure

In 1996 more than 90 people were killed and a further 1,400 were injured when a suicide bomber crashed a lorry through the gates of the Central Bank of Colombo and detonated its cargo of explosives.

Most of the casualties were civilians in what was then the Tigers’ deadliest attack, with a number of foreign nationals among those killed and injured.

In 2002 a Sri Lankan court issued a warrant for Prabhakaran’s arrest in connection with the attack and, in his absence, sentenced him to 200 years in prison.

When the latest attempt at peace talks broke down in 2006, the Sri Lankan army launched a huge offensive against Tiger strongholds, eventually capturing large areas of what had been Tiger-held territory.

In early 2009 Prabhakaran suffered a major reverse when the Sri Lankan government captured the Tigers’ administrative capital of Killinochchi and there were rumours he had fled the country.

Vellupillai Prabhakaran remained a secretive figure throughout his life, his movements between his various jungle hideouts carefully planned to avoid capture or assassination.

At the height of its powers at the end of the 1990s and the early years of this decade, the LTTE controlled nearly one-third of Sri Lanka.

But Prabhakaran was unable to translate this authority into his dream: an autonomous Tamil homeland in the north of the country.

His single-minded determination in pursuit of his goal never wavered: he once claimed he had ordered his own men to shoot him if he ever gave up his demands for a Tamil state.

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3 Responses

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  1. sam said, on May 19, 2009 at 3:42 am

    The LTTE terrorist got exactly what they desreved..
    This is just a few of the political Tamil Leaders Murdered by the LTTE, Just like the Nazis to wipe out opposition
    Those who deny freedom to others, deserve it not for themselves
    Joseph Pararajasingham
    Lakshman Kadirgamar
    Cheliyan Perimpanayakam
    Marias Anton Aka David
    Atputharajah Nadarajah, Alias Ramesh
    Nagalingam Manikkadasan
    Neelan Thiruchelvam
    Muthulingam Ganesh Kumar a.k.a Razeek
    Ponnuyhurai Sivapalan
    S. Shanmuganadan
    Ms. Sarojini Yogeswaran
    Arunachalam Thangathurai
    Thomas Anton
    Alfred Duraiyapah

    And the List continues with Civilians and Journalist

  2. Dan said, on May 19, 2009 at 3:44 am

    Let me put to you this way. A ruthless terrorist Organization in its dying days how can it boost its international support.. Well simple drag and hold civilian hostages in order to feed it International Propaganda . I mean this is the Terrorist group that brain washes Pregnant women , children to act as suicide bombers, so what is a few civilian lives to them to feed their International Propaganda machine. Asymmetrical warfare. Just ask any British and American military experts who fear this type of warfare used against them

  3. Kamal said, on May 19, 2009 at 6:53 am

    Thanks to 9/11, WEST was reminded the harsh realities of continuing to support terror groups the world over!

    LTTE will never ever able to regain the sympathy it was once poured into by the WEST by providing the support both morally and militarily under the pretex of discrimination and freedomfighters!!

    It is the WEST to blame for the existence of all terror groups the world over – for giving the kind of support to continue the armed battle. 9/11 changed it forever, thank to Al quida , as if not for 9/11 WEST would have continued to support these terror groups around the word!!


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